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Library Homepage: Scholarly Writing

Library Homepage

Scholarly Writing


Free online tutorials by Springer Nature for journal authors:

Writing a journal manuscript
identifying your search question, study design, reference managers, types of journal articles, structuring your manuscript

Submitting to a journal and peer review
journal selection and submission, the peer review process

Writing in English
avoiding common language issues

How to peer review
evaluating manuscripts, after the review

Open access
what is open access?, benefits of gold open access, article processing charges, copyright and license, mandates and funding, open access vs.subscription

St. Vincent's Health Australia
Research Policy 2014
Resources provided by Research Governance Unit at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne

National Health and Medical Research Council's Guidelines 
Australian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Information for Guideline Developers
National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research


Tools for systematic reviews
Covidence is online software specifically created for facilitating the writing of systematic reviews. St Vincent's now has a site licence, if you would like to gain access please contact the Library on 9231 2541.
Using tags in Covidence - Play video (22/2/17 HW)

PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions. It comprises a checklist and a flow diagram.

Other tools
Academic Phrasebank by John Morley and an older version available as a PDF. University of Manchester, UK
Ref-N-Write is software for academic and scientific research writing, available as a plug-in for Microsoft Word for Windows

Research Write Update is a bulletin on writing and communicating health research in an academic context aimed at new and established health professionals. Each issue provides links to articles, sites and books on a given topic.

Topics covered: writing for publication, promoting your research, personal bibliographic management software, applying for grants, where to publish. If you would like to receive an email notification of the next Research Write Update please contact

ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between you and your professional activities ensuring that your work is recognized.
Springer Nature provide answers to questions about ORCID. Click here to register for your ORCID identifier.


ResearcherID provides a unique identifier to enable researchers to manage their publication lists, track their times cited counts and h-index, identify potential collaborators and avoid author misidentification. In addition, your ResearcherID information integrates with the Web of Science and is ORCID compliant, allowing you to claim and showcase your publications from a single account. Click here to register.

Evidence mapping
A review of literature that systematically searches evidence, uses explicit questions, and provides tabular summaries of the nature and findings of the studies. Source

Grey literature
Information published by organisations other than commercial publishers, such as government reports, company brochures, conference papers, policy statements, and academic theses and dissertations.
Source: Understanding Research Methods for Evidence-based Practice in Health. Greenhalgh TM, Bidewell J, Crisp E et al. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.

Meta analysis
Meta-analysis is a quantitative, formal, epidemiological study design used to systematically assess the results of previous research to derive conclusions about that body of research. It includes a comprehensive literature search and a PRISMA statement. Source

Narrative review
A review of literature that is unsystematically searched and minimally extracted to answer a broad question that may be vaguely stated. Source

Open access
Peer reviewed scholarly manuscripts freely available via the Internet, permitting any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. Source

Peer review
Evaluation of a paper by experts in that field, usually done "blind" (i.e. the reviewer does not know who has written the paper) to avoid bias. Source : Understanding Research Methods for Evidence-based Practice in Health. Greenhalgh TM, Bidewell J, Crisp E et al. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.

Scoping review
A narrative integration of relevant, systematically searched evidence. Examines the extent, range and nature of research activity in a broad topic. May be used to determine whether a systematic review is feasible. Source

Systematic review
A review of literature that is systematically searched. It answers a well-defined narrow question through a structured and rigorous synthesis of original studies chosen with strict and transparent inclusion and exclusion criteria. It evaluates the quality of the evidence and makes recommendations based on a qualitative synthesis of either all the evidence or only the high-quality evidence.


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